One of the most fascinating factors of the island of Tenerife is that, depending on its proximity to the coast, altitude, geographical orientation and exposure to wind, some 100 different microclimates are created.
Due to its geographical position, the climate of Tenerife is subtropical oceanic; therefore, it is not very influenced by seasonality, generally near the coasts the climate is very mild and sunny for a good part of the year, the few rains occur in the period October-March.
In the interior, the weather conditions change according to different factors and, above all, because of the role played by mount Teide, which with its size and altitude (3718 meters) acts as a barrier against the trade winds of the north and northeast that cause various phenomena such as rain and storms, which contribute to the formation of green areas in the north of the island.
The other slopes of the island, where rainfall is significantly lower (between 250 and 150 millimeters per year) create desert landscape, especially in the south of Tenerife.
The trade winds (which have always been exploited by sailors such as Lanzarotto Malocello, Vespucci and Christophorus Columbus) that affect the entire Canary Islands play an important role.
An unusual phenomenon for those who do not live in these latitudes is the "calima": an anomalous heat characterized by a weak wind of African origin that leads to the suspension of very fine sands; this phenomenon generally manifests itself in spring and summer.
The sunshine on the coast of Tenerife, especially in the southern part, is also pleasant during the winter months, excellent in spring and summer. In the interior areas and on the north side, it is not uncommon for fog obstruction to be accompanied by sporadic rains.
The southern slope, from El Médano, passing by Costa del Silencio, Las Galletas, Los Cristianos, Las Americas, Costa Adeje, Bahia del Duque, Playa Paraiso, Callao Salvaje, Playa de San Juan to Puerto de Santiago are affected by infrequent rainfall and therefore seem arid and at the same time much more sunny even during the winter months (the reason why the tourist industry has developed considerably in the south of Tenerife). Days are often marked by clear skies.
It is very frequent, as has been described, that during a trip from south to north of Tenerife, it is possible to find a very different weather and climatic condition (with a difference of about 6 degrees between south and north).
For the reasons above, weather forecasting consultations must necessarily include at least a vision of what the weather will be like in the north and south of Tenerife.
Weather forecasts are presented below, which affect specific locations on a weekly basis.
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